Monthly Archives: August 2011
Tomorrow is the first day for teachers to report to school. I was asked by my department head to give a quick presentation on core training for students. There will be elementary teachers as well as the High School physical education teachers present. Here is what I came up with. I plan on handing this out and doing active demonstrations.
Core Training for physical education classes.
Perhaps you have heard of Core training but are not completely sure what it means. Maybe you heard it in a magazine or you heard it in a gym. Maybe some of your students use the term very loosely.
Before we learn what is “the core” let’s learn what it is not. Core is not a newer term for abs. While your students may use core and abs interchangeably they are not the same thing. The core is made up of a group of muscles that all work together to stabilize your body during movement. They allow for a seamless transition between your upper to lower body. The Core muscles are generally located in the middle of your body and mostly acting on your spine to help brace your body in an upright position. (Think good posture).
These muscles consist of:
Scapula movers ( group of muscles) to a lesser extent.
Hamstrings to a lesser extent
Traditional ab exercises involve the movement and contraction of the abdominal muscles by flexing and extending the lumbar spine to create tension. Think of a good old-fashioned sit up or crunch. While this might develop your “six pack abs” It leaves out most of those other muscles we just mentioned. Also, the lumbar spine is not meant to have a great deal of flexion and extension. This promotes a kyphotic spine position. Unless you want to look like Quasimodo then this is a bad thing.
A good portion of a core training program involves not mobility but stability. The ability of the core muscles to stabilize when gravity, our own movement, or external forces attempt to create imbalances. Think about a defensive lineman in football being blocked. While he is pushing and grabbing with his hands and arms it is really his hips, glutes, and abs which need to brace to prevent being pushed backwards. There is no abdominal contraction but instead a bracing of the transverse abdominal that initiates the athletic movement. In core training resisting force is equally as important as creating it.
How does core training help the non athlete or average person? Well all of those core muscles create a tight brace for you lower back. Think of an old-time corset. A strong core helps with posture which can prevent lower back pain and injuries. It can also help you with balance and coordination. This can come in handy whether you are swinging a golf club or you are doing chores around the house.
Core work for older kids: 7th – 12th grade
Some examples of exercises that work the core without any equipment:
Hands and toes
Forearms and toes
Incline or Decline
1 arm or leg on knees or toes
Single leg w/ isometric hold
Equipment that could be used for station work:
For younger kids: 2nd to 8th grade
Some tips to tell if a child has poor core strength:
1. poor posture in class
2. shifts in seat excessively
3. would rather lie down to watch TV then sit up
4. leans on hands a lot. (head or arms)
5. falls often. (balance issues)
Have kids walk on a line or tape. Heel to toe.. You can increase the difficulty by having them balance a bean bag on their head. You can also make the line curve rather then be straight. For added difficulty you can add more obstacles with instructions while still balancing a bean bag on their head. (Bend over and touch a cone) at certain points on the rope.
Crab walk races:
Chair Leg lifts:
Have students lift both legs and eventually legs and arms and perform a static hold. For added difficulty straighten arms and legs. Concentrate on staying “tall”
Single Leg balance:
Partner planks: 2 person or 4 person
Partner push ups: 2 person or 4 person
Try to engage kids to compete and make games / races wherever possible.
In my marathon training I am supposed to increase the distance for two consecutive weeks before going backwards in a down week. For example, in weeks 1-4 my long runs were 4, 6, 3, 8. This method allows you to increase your distance while giving your legs time to rest on down weeks. However, this past week I fell into the trap of being overconfident on my down week. Partly to blame was the fact that we were having a BBQ for some friends on Sunday. So I squeezed in my long run on Saturday after lifting legs on Friday. I ran 10 miles two weeks ago and breezed through a 12 mile run last weekend on a humid free beautiful day. All I had to do was a quick 8. This should be a piece of cake. Wow was I wrong. I got through the first 4 fairly easy despite my legs feeling heavy. On the way back I was dying. It was a butal, humid, and disgusting day and my legs had not yet recovered from the previous day’s squats. I didn’t eat the way I normally would before a run. I didn’t hydrate properly. I didn’t pace myself correctly. My distance runs are supposed to be an easy pace which for me is usually around 9:20 to 9:50 a mile. I so overlooked this run that I was just trying to get it over with. My pace ended up being at like 8:50 which is too quick for an easy distance run. I didn’t respect the run. Rule number one is you have to respect the workout. Every run could be your best or your worst. Each run needs to be treated with that respect. I have 8 training weeks left until marathon Saturday. Starting this week I am dropping my weekly runs down from 3 times a week to only 2. I start with 14 this coming weekend and I can promise you this. I will not take it lightly.
First of all I just watched “The Source Code” with Jake Gyllenhall. It’s really good. I highly recommend it.
This week’s training felt petty good. I really had no major issues and I made it into the double digits on my long run. I am continuing to keep my strength training as a priority and continuing to lift legs which this week included squats and dead-lifts which I rarely do both in the same week. I usually alternate those on my leg day. I also tried an ice bath after my long run. I always remember in high school and college different trainers trying to get me into an ice bath but I could never withstand the pain. They say that is the best measure of a person’s pain threshold is how long they can last in icy cold water. If that is the case then I don’t have a high tolerance for pain at all. However, I have found that if you start in a an empty tub and then add the cold water and then add the ice it makes it much more tolerable. The ice bath is a way to ice your legs to help you not be as sore. Basically if you sit in an ice tub it causes your blood vessels to constrict. Then after the ice bath you turn on the hot water in the shower and it flushes out all the lactic acid because the hot water then causes your blood vessels to open up. This is a popular method at NFL training camps after a long day of hard work. I even recently read an article about elite runners using cryogenics. That freeze is a dry freeze but it only takes about 2 minutes. I guess I will have to see how I feel tomorrow before I decide whether or not I do it again. This week’s workout looked like this:
Tuesday 7 miles including speed work of 2 200’s, 2 400’s, 2 800’s, and 2 1200’s. Rear Delt and Scapular mobility work
Thursday: 6 miles with hill repeats of 1 min each. Arms. Bi’s and Tri’s
Friday: Movement prep and stretching plus Hamstrings.
Saturday: Legs and Shoulders
Sunday: 10 miles easy
For this coming week I plan on backing down to 2 runs because I am going up to 12 miles on my long run with 19 total for the week. Then I am going to see Kenney Chesney and Zac Brown Band at Giants stadium on Saturday. I can’t wait for that. The summer is going fast and pretty soon I will be back at work. October is coming quick.
Mike Tyson once said this and believe it or not it makes a lot of sense. A reporter asked him about the fighter who he just knocked out and his reported game-plan to keep Tyson from getting inside so he could use his famous uppercut. As a runner training for a race you try to make a plan but over the course of training you have to expect to get punched in the face a time or two. I am following a workout I downloaded from runnersworld’s smart coach. They ask for a previous race time, how hard do you want to train, and when you want to do your long runs. Then they spit out a program for you. Actually I should say I am sort of following the runnersworld program. At Lifetime fitness in Florham Park they have a running club. I decided to give it a try way back in June. So I have been joining the running club twice a week and then doing the long sunday run that runnersworld gives me. I plan to do this until I have to go back to work. Although the run club meets at 6 a.m. it is still not early enough for when I go back to work as a teacher. I feel that isn’t really a problem because by then my runs will be much longer and it would be tough to run 3 times a week with a run of 12 miles or more on the weekend. The running club has been great for a number of reasons. First of all with the summer heat it is nice to get going at 6 a.m. This is something I would never do on my own. Also, in the past I have never really done anything other than run for distance. The run club has been incorporating a track sprint workout as well as hill repeats into my repertoire. It is definitely motivating and humbling to run with others twice a week.
This past week’s workout looked something like this:
Monday: Chest and triceps
Tuesday: 7 miles including:
Wednesday: Back and Biceps
Thursday: 6 miles with 7 Hill repeats of about 1 minute each
Legs and Shoulders
Friday: Spin class
Saturday Rest day
Sunday: 9 miles easy pace
Like I said this is my general plan for the rest of the summer until I can no longer attend the run club during the week. Then I plan on downgrading my runs to twice a week to accommodate the longer runs to prepare for the marathon. I did get a minor blister on my toe that I was worried about on Sunday night. I took care of it and took every precaution I could. I was able to do the run club this morning. I was worried that this was going to be my first punch in the face but I was able to slip this one. So far the legs feel sore but overall I am pretty positive. No knockout blows just yet and I am on track for October 15th!